Thursday, November 6, 2008

FDC from Japan/FDC du Japon

The World Heritage-Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine/
Patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO-Iwami Ginzan

"The Iwami Ginzan (石見銀山, Iwami Ginzan) was a silver mine in the city of Ōda, Shimane Prefecture, on the island of Honshū, Japan. It was added to the World Heritage List in 2007.
It was developed in 1526 by Kamiya Jutei a Japanese merchant. It reached its peak production in the early 17th century of approximately 38 tons of silver a year which was then a third of world production.
Silver from the mine was used widely for coins. It was contested fiercely by warlords until the Tokugawa Shogunate won control of it in 1600 as a result of the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600. It was later secured by fences and barricaded by pine trees. Yamabuki Castle was built in the centre of the complex.
Silver production from the mine fell in the nineteenth century as it had trouble competing with mines elsewhere and it was eventually closed.

"Iwami Ginzan est le site d'une ancienne mine d'argent dans le préfecture de Shimane au Japon. Elle a été inscrite au patrimoine mondial de l'humanité en 2007 sous le nom de « Mine d’argent de Iwami Ginzan et son paysage culturel ». Le site a une superficie de 442 ha et une zone tampon de 3 221 ha."

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