Friday, December 4, 2009

FDC from Japan/FDC du Japon

The 60th Anniversary of Enforcement of the Local Autonomy Law- Ibaraki Prefecture/
Le 60ème Anniversaire de Mise en vigueur de la Loi d'Autonomie Locale - la Préfecture d'Ibaraki

Ibaraki Prefecture (茨城県, Ibaraki-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kantō region on Honshū island. The capital is Mito.

Ibaraki Prefecture was previously known as Hitachi Province. In 1871, the name of the province became Ibaraki. The name of the prefecture is also occasionally misspelled "Ibaragi."

Ibaraki Prefecture is the northeastern part of the Kantō region, stretching between Tochigi Prefecture and the Pacific Ocean and bounded on the north and south by Fukushima Prefecture and Chiba Prefecture. It also has borders on the southwest with Gunma Prefecture and Saitama Prefecture. The northernmost part of the prefecture is mountainous, but most of the prefecture is a flat plain with many lakes.

Industries in the prefecture include nuclear and other energy, chemical, and precision machine. The Hitachi company was founded in the Ibaraki city of the same name.

Ibaraki's population is increasing modestly as the Greater Tokyo region spreads out.

Ibaraki is known for natto, or fermented soybeans, in Mito, watermelons in Kyōwa (recently merged into Chikusei), and chestnuts in the Nishiibaraki region.

Ibaraki is famous for the martial art of Aikido founded by Ueshiba Morihei, also known as Osensei. Ueshiba spent the latter part of his life in the town of Iwama, now part of Kasama, and the Aiki Shrine and dojo he created still remain.

There are castle ruins in many cities, including Mito, Kasama, and Yūki.

Kasama is famous for Shinto and art culture and pottery.

The capital Mito is home to Kairakuen, one of a trinity of Japan's most celebrated gardens, and famous for plum forest of over 3,000 plum trees of over 100 varieties.

Ibaraki (茨城県, Ibaraki-ken) est une préfecture du Japon.

À l'époque féodale, la province s'appelait Hitachi (常陸).

Durant la période Edo, elle était gouvernée par le clan des Tokugawa.

À l'est se trouve l'océan Pacifique, la préfecture est entourée au nord par la préfecture de Fukushima, à l'ouest celle de Tochigi, au sud celle de Chiba et celle de Saitama.

Le lac Kasumigaura, deuxième plus grand du Japon, s'y trouve.

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